Read the latest blog from Dermalogica
Dark marks, brown spots & more: hyperpigmentation demystified.
Brown spots have a major influence on how old people think we are. In fact, one study showed that
unbalanced skin tone can make a person look more than 12 years older! The big questions: where do they
come from, and what can you do about them?
It helps to understand the science behind brown spots. The official term for brown spots and other forms
of skin discolouration is hyperpigmentation. Unlike freckles, hyperpigmentation doesn’t fade in winter
and, unfortunately, it becomes more visible as we age.
How is uneven skin tone caused?
Sun exposure: When your skin is repeatedly exposed to UV light, sun damage occurs.
Brown spots and uneven skin tone develop as a result of too much melanin being produced to help
protect your skin from UV light.
Pollution: Melasma is hormone-related hyperpigmentation caused by increased hormone
stimulation. It’s most commonly experienced by women who are pregnant (which is why it’s also known
as the “mask of pregnancy”) or taking contraceptives but can also be a reaction to cosmetics or
Hormones: Skin is affected negatively by elevated stress hormones and many
inflammatory conditions like eczema, psoriasis and acne can flare up during periods of stress.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: This type of dark spot is the result of
inflammation or injury to the skin (for example, from acne, deep cuts or burns). Susceptibility to
PIH typically increases with age, as cell turnover slows with age, and it takes dark spots longer to
move to skin’s surface and slough off.
Still not sure what type of hyperpigmentation you have?
So, what to do about it? Here’s how to take action against your brown spots.
Call in the experts
a Dermalogica skin therapist
for a free Face Mapping® skin analysis and consultation to get to the root of your brown spots.
your personal triggers will reveal the best treatment. They can even recommend professional
that can help you banish dark spots faster!
Apply SPF daily
Unprotected sun exposure is the number one culprit behind hyperpigmentation. Applying a
or moisturiser with a
of at least 30, is the easiest way to help prevent new dark spots and it also helps control the
intensity of the spots you can see. Wear it daily to make the most of the treatments you try. 30
unprotected in the sun can undo a month’s worth of effort in fighting hyperpigmentation
for protection and treatment of pigmentation.
Exfoliation is the perfect way to treat existing hyperpigmentation by first sloughing off dead,
skin cells at the surface. This clears the path for the ingredients in your serums and
better penetrate the skin. Tip: Look for a gentle, micro-fine exfoliant you can use daily, like
Actively treat pigmentation
Use the right ingredients to tackle the cause and formation of your pigmentation. Seek out products that
contain Activated Charcoal like
to help remove pollutants.
PowerBright Dark Spot Serum
is formulated with high-tech ingredients such
as Niacinamide and Hexylresorcinol that work together to reduce excess pigment in the skin.
find these actives in
for round the clock treatment, fading dark spots whilst you sleep.
As one of the most potent antioxidants available, Vitamin C is highly effective at scavenging
radicals. It also helps your skin to defend itself against future oxidative stress – effectively
brightening skin from inside and out. Just make sure to choose a Vitamin C formula that’s both
ultra-stable and highly bioavailable like